Retina Services

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The retina is a thin,light-sensitive layer of tissue located at the back of the eye near the optic nerve. The purpose of the retina is to receive light that is focused by the cornea and lens, convert this light into neural signals and then send these signals via optic nerve to the brain, where the visual image is formed. The retina plays a significant role in our vision. There are various retinal disorders that damage the vital tissue of the retina, affecting your vision and causing permanent loss of vision. At Keystone Eye Associates we perform advanced diagnostic testing to diagnose and treat all retina conditions to restore vision.  What are the benefits of treating retinal disorders at Keystone Eye Associates?

  • • State of the art diagnostic equipment including: High Definition Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT); Wide Field Fundus Photopraphy (FP); Fluorescein Angiography (FA); Indocyanine Green Angiography (ICG); and Fundus Autoflourscence (FAF).
  • • Advanced technology used in the treatment of diabetic eye disease and retinal detachment: Micro Pulse Retinal Laser and Microincisional Sutureless Vitrectomy Surgery.
  • • The use of premium intravitreal pharmacological drugs to treat various retinal diseases including: wet macular degeneration, diabetic eye disease, retinal vein occlusion, and uveitis.

Why choose the team of Keystone ophthalmologists for treating retinal disorders?

Our board certified ophthalmologists and experienced eye surgeons will treat all disorders of the retina and vitreous. Our team of physicians and staff is determined to provide quality services with high standards of safety and care for the patients. Our doctors perform detailed diagnostic tests to diagnose retinal disease and then customize a treatment plan for each individual patient. For more information on retinal disorders and treatments,you can visit our website, fill out our contact form or call for an instant response.
 
Retinal Disorders & Treatments Questions & Answers:
What is Macular Degeneration (AMD) and how is it treated?
Macular degeneration is a common eye condition in older adults over 50 years of age and it also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This condition affects the macula, which is a part of the retina tissue and responsible for central, sharp vision needed for reading, driving or seeing any fine detail. As we age, this macula tissue slowly begins to weaken which highly affects its function, resulting in problems with vision. Blurry, dim and dark spots in the center of vision and changed color perception are common symptoms of the condition. Although macular degeneration can cause vision loss however, early diagnosis, proper treatment and self-care measures can slow or delay the progression of blindness. The eye surgeon reviews your medical history and performs various eye examinations. The various treatment options for macular degeneration include anti-angiogenesis drugs, laser therapy, low vision aids, photodynamic laser therapy, retinal translocation, sub-macular degeneration surgery and eye vitamins.
What is Retina-Vitreous Surgery?

Various problems can occur within the retina and vitreous causing serious vision loss. Surgery is the best option to treat the underlying problem before vision is completely lost and to slow down the process of blindness. Vitreous is a clear, gel-like substance,which lies in the center of the eye and fills up around two-thirds of volume within the eye. Vitreous has a very large, soft consistency that makes it vulnerable to various eye diseases creating difficulty to properly pass the light to the retina resulting in blurred vision. The diseases or injuries of the vitreous can be treated with Vitrectomy, a surgical procedure in which the doctor removes the vitreous gel by using tiny instruments to get better access in viewing the back of eye. After removing the gel, the doctor treats other eye conditions such as laser therapy to treat the retina,cut or remove scar tissue on the retina, retinal detachment, repair holes or tears in the retina. Vitrectomy is an effective procedure to treat conditions which include retinal detachment, macular hole, diabetic retinopathy, vitreous hemorrhage or infection or injury in vitreous.

What is Diabetic Retinopathy and how is it treated?
Diabetic Retinopathy is the condition that affects both the eyes of diabetic patients wherein the blood vessels of the retina become damaged. Blurred vision, floating spots, dark areas in vision and problem in seeing colors are some common symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy. Factors such as, uncontrolled blood sugar level and length of time the patient has diabetes, play a key role in development of the condition. Diabetic Retinopathy can cause vision loss but if detected at an early stage, a workable treatment plan is devised to delay the progression of this disease.

If the condition is mild then the treatment focuses on maintaining the blood sugar levels, blood cholesterol and blood pressure and this prevents any further damage from occurring. If the condition is severe then the treatment is recommended depending on the retina condition.Some of the treatment options are focal laser treatment, scattered laser treatment and Vitrectomy.

How can Diabetic Evaluation & Treatment prevent vision loss?
Diabetic people have a high amount of blood sugar levels and insufficient insulin production which damages the blood vessels inside the eye, while lack of oxygen in blood also contributes to different types of eye problems leading to permanent vision loss. Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of developing eye problems and most diabetic-related eye diseases have no noticeable signs and symptoms at an early stage but begin to appear when the disease has progressed at an advanced stage. In order to ensure the well-being of diabetic patients, an annual eye exam could detect early diagnosis of any eye related problems such as diabetic retinopathy, cataract or glaucoma, blindness and other complications. A comprehensive eye exam includes visual acuity test, dilated eye exam and tonometry which help the eye doctor to detect various eye conditions. To reduce the risk of developing diabetic eye disease, having regular eye exams and maintaining blood sugar levels through a healthy diet and regular exercise are crucial.

What is the role of research studies in providing benefit to patients?

The team of eye doctors and staff members at Keystone Eye Associates is committed in providing assistance to patients by enrolling them in various clinical and research studies. The main purpose of these studies is to determine any personal questions and feedback from patients regarding any new medical drug, device or surgical technique that improves the overall function of the eye or to specifically treat an eye disease or problem. Educating our patients about various clinical and research studies promotes better treatments of eye disorders which improve the quality of vision.