Glaucoma

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Glaucoma is an eye condition that damages the optic nerve which plays a key role in promoting clear vision and can also result in permanent vision loss. The condition is the leading cause of blindness in the United States and can affect people of all ages, especially older adults. Most people affected with Glaucoma do not experience any symptoms and so may not be aware that they have the disease until serious vision loss occurs. The ophthalmologists and eye surgeons at Keystone Eye Associates in Philadelphia City offer treatments to protect your eyes against permanent vision loss by diagnosis of early onset of the condition while also providing the proper treatment plan based on your needs. What benefits can be achieved by Glaucoma treatment from Keystone Eye Associates?

  • • Proper consultation and evaluation of the condition
  • • Early detection using our advanced tests
  • • Effectual treatment plan tailored to meet each patient’s condition

Why choose the team of Keystone ophthalmologists for treatment of Glaucoma? The board certified ophthalmologists at Keystone Eye Associates are committed to providing the best care to our patients affected with Glaucoma. We use state-of-the-art facilities and the most advanced technologies to diagnose the condition at its early stage. Our eye doctors prescribe effective medications and perform surgical procedures in order to treat Glaucoma and preserve the vision of the patient. If you want to have a complete consultation on Glaucoma please contact us by filling out our contact form or call us for a quick response. Glaucoma Treatment Questions & Answers: What is Glaucoma? Glaucoma is an eye condition that occurs when pressure inside the eye, namely intraocular eye pressure, increases abnormally to such an extent that it damages the optic nerve of the eye which plays a key role in supplying visual information to the brain. There are two main types of Glaucoma; open-angle Glaucoma and angle-closure Glaucoma. Most patients don’t experience any symptoms within the early stages of Glaucoma and this makes it difficult for them diagnose the condition. But, as the disease progresses, symptoms start appearing such as loss of peripheral (side) vision, severe eye pain, headache, seeing halos around lights and blurred vision.

What to expect during a Glaucoma consultation and evaluation?
Some patients may experience symptoms when the disease progresses while other patients are unaware about the disease until they undergo an eye examination and consultation. In order to achieve the accurate assessment, the ophthalmologists review your complete medical history and perform various comprehensive eye exams and screening tests. The doctor may also inquire about any other medical conditions to ensure whether that is affecting the condition of the eye. A visual field test is performed for checking defective areas in the visual field.The intraocular eye pressure is measured through a test called tonometry. Assessment of optic nerve is done, which includes determining the changes in optic nerve caused by Glaucoma. New diagnostic technologies have also been introduced that precisely determine the characteristics of the optic nerve. These new tests include spectral domain optical coherence tomography, scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and scanning laser polarimetry. Once the consultation and evaluation process is completed, the doctor discusses the results and findings with the patient and reviews the best treatment options based on the patients’ condition and needs.
What is Glaucoma surgery and how is it performed?
The damage that is caused by Glaucoma cannot be reversed but timely diagnosis and a workable treatment plan can slow down or prevent permanent loss of vision. The treatment of Glaucoma is aimed at lowering the intraocular eye pressure. The initial treatment options are eye drops and oral medications. When eye drops or oral medications fail to reduce the eye pressure to the required level then the best option available is Glaucoma surgery. Various surgical procedures that aim to improve drainage of eye fluid and lower eye pressure include:

  • • Filtering surgery: during this procedure, the eye surgeon creates an incision within the white part of the eye and removes part of the trabecular meshwork (a filter-like tissue through which fluid flows to leave the front part of eye).
  • • Drainage tubes: during this procedure, the surgeon inserts a small tube in the eye to allow a drainage path for the fluid in the eye.
  • • Electrocautery: during this procedure, the surgeon removes tissue in the trabecular meshwork with the help of a small electrocautery device.
How is Laser Treatment performed?
Laser treatment is performed to lower eye pressure which can be achieved by increasing drainage of fluid or reducing the amount of fluid produced. Various types of laser surgeries are available and the type of laser surgery required is dependent on the type of Glaucoma a patient has. Laser Trabeculoplasty is the type of laser surgery that treats open-angle Glaucoma, which involves opening the blocked fluid channels through the use of a laser beam. Remember, that without timely diagnosis and a proper treatment plan, Glaucoma can cause permanent loss of vision. So, a regular eye exam is the best way to detect the condition at an early stage where it can be treated successfully to outweigh the likelihood of vision loss.